Who has to follow EU law?
EU law, or European Union law, is a system of law that is specific to the 28 members of the European Union. This system overrules the national law of each member country if there is a conflict between the national law and the EU law.
What does EU law cover? When does it come into play?
EU law relates to a wide range of different matters from agriculture to competition law. As the EU grew in size, the idea was to create a level playing field and to harmonise the rules across the Union in certain matters, mostly relating to trade.
This is a relatively new area of law, which only started to develop in the latter half of the 20th century. It’s an important area of law because it ensures that the populations of the member states are treated equally and treat each other with the same level of equality.
There is often a large amount of paper work involved in this area of law, especially if the case has been escalated to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). In order for a matter to be admissible to the ECJ, all domestic remedies must have been exhausted, which means the case must have already been considered in the highest court in the UK (the Supreme Court).
Often these cases can be huge and involve large numbers of people, so will require lots or organisation and delegation. You may also find yourself working on disputes involving other national law systems and languages, which will make the matters more complex and multifaceted.
You may find yourself in Luxembourg at some point working at the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). This is the highest court in Europe and makes binding decisions for all countries in the EU.
Who does an EU lawyer work for?
In this area of law, you will either be working for, or against, the state. There are a large number of government lawyers who are required to protect the interests of the state, while a number of other lawyers work for private individuals and companies to make sure that states do not surpass the powers they are given.
If you are interested in international law, then EU law will offer you lots of scope for career development. Additional language skills can be useful, especially if you work at the CJEU or on cross border disputes. Effectively, you can use pretty much any language during a court hearing in the CJEU (Klingon probably isn’t allowed though). However, you should be aware that all the deliberations of the court are in French.
To get an even more detailed explanation of EU law, try our sister site AllAboutLaw.